Global ethical conversations and regulations must keep pace with scientific progress.
The ability to rapidly transform agriculture and biomedicine gives rise to new societal and environmental considerations. Research in social sciences and humanities, including ethics, law, policy, and economics, will allow us to more fully understand and shape the potential impact genome editing will have on society. It is essential to encourage and engage in education, dialogue, and policy creation, to ensure that the technology benefits everyone. This will also require us to create new models of commercialization that ensure broad, equitable access to genome engineering therapies and tools.